Ninety per cent of Britain’s trade moves by sea – so keeping the oceans free is vital to the prosperity of our nation. As a maritime nation, the UK’s economic prosperity depends on seaborne trade travelling safely through a network of international sea lanes. The Royal Navy plays a key role in keeping these sea lanes safe and secure in home waters and across the world.
Keeping the Sea Lanes Open
As an island nation, Britain relies on its sea lanes to survive – an adage as true now as it was during World War 2 or the age of Nelson.
Nine out ten items bought by – or produced by – Britons arrives or leaves by sea. From your tin of beans or prime-cut steak to that computer on your office desk, that TV in your sitting room, that car on your driveway.
The nation’s seaports deal with 1.5 million tonnes of freight every day – over 560 million tonnes annually.
We rely on the sea too for our fuel supplies – around twice a week, two huge tankers arrive in Pembrokeshire and disgorge up to 200,000 cubic metres of liquefied natural gas into tanks at a new £13bn terminal in Milford Haven.
The tankers come from the Middle East, mainly from the natural gas fields of Qatar, a good 7,000 miles from the UK.
In covering that distance, the bespoke gas tankers pass through five of the ten ‘choke points’ on the world’s oceans – narrow stretches of water whose blockage will severely restrict global trade – the Straits of Hormuz, Bab-el-Mendeb, Suez, Gibraltar, Dover (if bound for the new terminal on the Isle of Grain in the Thames).
That is why there is a substantial Royal Navy presence east of Suez in particular – to keep the sea lanes open.
It is as important a mission as safeguarding the Atlantic routes against the U-boat in two world wars, securing the lifeline to Malta, preventing Napoleon choke our global trade.
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security at sea
HMS MARLBOROUGH is supporting the Royal Navy's continuous presence in the Northern Arabian Gulf. Her primary tasking includes protection of the two major oil terminals upon which the Iraqi People's oil wealth depend.HMS MARLBOROUGH is a Type 23 Duke Class Frigate, equipped with a Lynx Helicopter, a Vertical Launched Seawolf missile system, long-range Harpoon anti ship missiles and a 114mm gun.Blue light patrol conducted on the morning of the 4th January 2005. Two boats from the MARLBOROUGH were used, with the Royal Marines getting up close and speaking to the local fisherman.03 Jan 2005.Please credit LA(PHOT) Ray Jones
The Portsmouth based Type 23 Frigate HMS IRON DUKE in the Caribbean Sea conducted a 4.5" Gun firing on the 10th November 2006. The ship's primary tasking is Counter Drug Operations in conjunction with a wide variety of law-enforcement agencies, primarily the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The ship is also on standby to provide Disaster and Humanitarian Relief if necessary, and her presence in the area contributes to the wider security of the region.
security at sea
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